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Central Asia 2030…

Novels, academic literature and cinema all tend to take a bleak view in forecasting the future. Futuristic novels from the 1920s and 1930s, such as We by Yevgeny Zamyatin...

Security Sector Reform in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan: what role for Europe?

The security sectors of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan are to different extents corrupt, lack democratic control and can even be a threat to the population. They differ in terms...

European National Policies Series – Sweden and Central Asia

Sweden is a small, neutral country. Its foreign policy is based on working with, and through, international institutions, especially the European Union (EU). Sweden has been a leader in...

European National Policies Series – Greece and Central Asia

Central Asia is not a foreign policy priority for Greece. In Athens, the region is perceived as being very distant, both geographically and in terms of Greece’s interests. Greece...

European National Policies Series – Belgium-Luxemburg and Central Asia

Belgium and Luxembourg still think of Central Asia as a largely unknown and distant region, which is only marginally important to their foreign policy interests. Still, today both countries...

European National Policies Series – Romania and Central Asia

Central Asia is increasingly important to Romania. Over the past few years, Bucharest has taken significant steps to strengthen its relations with the Central Asian republics, particularly with Kazakhstan,...

European National Policies Series – The Baltic sates and Central Asia

After a long period of minimal contact given their different political and economic choices after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the three Baltic countries and the five Central...

The EU Education Initiative for Central Asia five years on: lessons learnt?

Over the past 20 years, developments in Central Asia’s education system have been mixed. The private education sector has been growing, especially in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, with fully-equipped classrooms...

The Afghanistan-Central Asia relationship: What role for the EU?

As the 2014 NATO drawdown from Afghanistan approaches, the EU increasingly focuses on preventing potential spillover effects on Central Asia. The Union wishes to further its cooperation with the...

The EU’s humanitarian aid and civil protection policy in Central Asia: Past crises and...

The 2007 EU Strategy for Central Asia stresses security and stability through regional cooperation and integration, poverty reduction and good governance. But the strategy hardly mentions humanitarian aid, a...