Policy Briefs

Is Kazakhstan’s rising star fading?

Introduction Kazakhstan’s economic prosperity and active foreign policy have given it increasing regional power status. Kazakhstan has stood out internationally as a mediator in conflicts, chair of international fora and...

Civil Society Cornered in Central Asia

Introduction Civil society and independent voices in Central Asia are increasingly under pressure from the authorities. Repression has intensified over the past five years, against a backdrop of a decline...

Reviewing the EU’s approach to Central Asia

Introduction(1) The European Union’s (EU) Strategy for Central Asia is being reviewed for the fourth time. Over the last eight years, the EU has been successful in creating several institutionalised...

European National Policies Series – Russia and Central Asia

Russia is a unique actor in Central Asia. It is the former colonial power and it continues to shape the future of the region. Even if Russia has lost...

Uncharted waters: Presidential successions in Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan

Popular legend holds that the 18th century French King, Louis XV, claimed that after his death everything would fall apart (après moi, le déluge). To outsiders, a similar uncertainty...

Trading values with Kazakhstan

The European Union (EU) and Kazakhstan have become important partners over the past decade. The EU is Kazakhstan’s leading trade partner, accounting for 40 per cent of its exports....

EU-US cooperation in Central Asia: parallel lines meet in infinity?

The European Union (EU) and the United States (U.S.) have many shared interests in Central Asia, but follow different approaches. The main points of convergence are the pursuit of...

European National Policies Series – Norway and Central Asia

Norway is a peripheral European state, with a population of only five million, but it has an economy that is larger than its population figures would suggest. Although it...

European National Policies Series – Sweden and Central Asia

Sweden is a small, neutral country. Its foreign policy is based on working with, and through, international institutions, especially the European Union (EU). Sweden has been a leader in...

European National Policies Series – Greece and Central Asia

Central Asia is not a foreign policy priority for Greece. In Athens, the region is perceived as being very distant, both geographically and in terms of Greece’s interests. Greece...