European National Policies Series – Greece and Central Asia

Central Asia is not a foreign policy priority for Greece. In Athens, the region is perceived as being very distant, both geographically and in terms of Greece’s interests. Greece...

European National Policies Series – Belgium-Luxemburg and Central Asia

Belgium and Luxembourg still think of Central Asia as a largely unknown and distant region, which is only marginally important to their foreign policy interests. Still, today both countries...

European National Policies Series – Romania and Central Asia

Central Asia is increasingly important to Romania. Over the past few years, Bucharest has taken significant steps to strengthen its relations with the Central Asian republics, particularly with Kazakhstan,...

European National Policies Series – The Baltic sates and Central Asia

After a long period of minimal contact given their different political and economic choices after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the three Baltic countries and the five Central...

The EU Education Initiative for Central Asia five years on: lessons learnt?

Over the past 20 years, developments in Central Asia’s education system have been mixed. The private education sector has been growing, especially in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, with fully-equipped classrooms...

The EU’s humanitarian aid and civil protection policy in Central Asia: Past crises and...

The 2007 EU Strategy for Central Asia stresses security and stability through regional cooperation and integration, poverty reduction and good governance. But the strategy hardly mentions humanitarian aid, a...

European National Policies Series – Finland and Central Asia

Finland’s cooperation with Central Asian states is mostly based on development assistance, but diplomatic and economic ties are increasing. Several international and EU development projects have been supported by...

European National Policies Series – France and Central Asia

France’s presence in Central Asia consists of a network of cultural centres that foster French language and culture, combined with flagship enterprises active in the region, such as Areva,...

The EU Needs a New Values-Based Realism for its Central Asia Strategy

Last summer, on the fifth anniversary of the adoption of the EU Strategy for Central Asia, the European Council approved continuation of the Strategy’s implementation in its current form....

OSCE Police Reform Programmes in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan: Past Constraints and Future Opportunities

Most former Soviet republics began to consider police reform in the 2000s, over a decade after the Soviet Union’s collapse. By then, the police in the successor states had...