Working Papers / Reports

Security and development in Central Asia. The EU compared to China and Russia

China and Russia are the most influential external actors in Central Asia, while the EU has substantially increased its activity and presence in the region since 2007. How do...

Into EurAsia – Monitoring the EU’s Central Asia Strategy

The EUCAM Final Report in paperback offers the first assessment of the ambitious strategy to upgrade the EU's cooperation with the five states of the Central Asia region: Kazakhstan,...

The EU-Central Asia Education Initiative

The European Education Initiative was launched as part of the EU-Central Asia Strategy in 2007. By 2009, the initiative had prioritised higher and vocational education and emphasised links with...

EU Assistance to Central Asia: Back to the Drawing Board?

European Union (EU) assistance in general and to Central Asia in particular is a complicated, many sided and fairly opaque business. Over a seven-year period, 719 million Euros were...

Optimisation of Central Asian and Eurasian Trans-Continental Land Transport Corridors

There is at present an overlapping but inadequately coordinated combination of strategic trans-continental transport corridors or axes stretching across the Eurasian landmass, centred on or around Central Asia. There...

The multiple paradoxes of the agriculture issue in Central Asia

Agriculture constitutes one of the main sectors in the economies of Central Asia: cotton production in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, a booming grain sector in Kazakhstan; and a long tradition...

The impact of the global economic crisis on Central Asia and its implications for...

There is a profound connection between economics and politics. A stronger economy creates a basis for more ambitious political actions and programmes. At the opposite end, an economic downturn...

Central Asia’s growing partnership with China

Since the start of the 2000s, the China has become an increasingly important player on the Central Asian scene, which until then had been essentially divided between Russia and...

Russia in Central Asia: Old History, New Challenges?

Russia is a power unlike others in Central Asia, given its role as the region's former coloniser, which started in the 19th century and even in the 18th for...

The EU and Central Asia: Commercialising the Energy Relationship

The commercial energy relationship between the EU and Central Asia will be structured around gas above other hydrocarbons and minerals. More specifically, it would entail the provision of medium-...