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Agriculture constitutes one of the main sectors in the economies of Central Asia: cotton production in Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan, a booming grain sector in Kazakhstan; and a long tradition of vegetable cultivation throughout the region. The agrarian question is sensitive since the population is predominantly rural and because food safety is not ensured in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. Whereas Central Asia is a modest partner in terms of agricultural trade and relatively few European companies are based in the sector, the agrarian issue is of importance for the EU. In the face of massive corruption, what cooperative development should be proposed in agriculture by Brussels? What policy should be pursued towards cotton production in which often child labour is involved? How should land reform be supported? These are questions that stand central in this EUCAM working paper.

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